When the urinary tract becomes infected, it is known as a urinary tract infection (UTI). This can occur from a number of causes, like being unhygienic, although even with proper hygiene, UTIs can occur. They are often bacterial infections and can occur when fecal matter comes into contact with the urethra.
What treatments are available for a UTI?
The type of antibiotics you are prescribed — and for how long — is dependent on your current health status, the type of bacteria detected in your urine, and whether your UTI is uncomplicated or complicated. Women may need a single dose or up to a five-day course depending on which antibiotic your doctor prescribes. For men, antibiotics are typically given for a slightly longer period of time.
Typically, one of the following will be prescribed as first-line treatment if you are diagnosed with an uncomplicated UTI:
- Nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin, Macrobid)
- Trimethoprim – sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)
- Fosfomycin (Monurol)
The following antibiotics are generally chosen because of resistance patterns or allergy considerations and are considered second-line treatments for UTIs:
- amoxicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin ES), cefdinir, cefaclor, and cefpodoxime-proxetil (Vantin).
- Fluoroquinolones – These antibiotics are considered highly effective in the treatment of UTI
In most cases, to treat an uncomplicated UTI either a three-day or five-day course of a UTI antibiotic is prescribed.
What causes a UTI?
Urinary tract infections are caused by microorganisms — typically bacteria — that enter the urethra and bladder and cause infection and inflammation. Bacteria can also travel up the ureters and infect your kidneys, although a UTI most commonly happens in the urethra and bladder.
More than 90% of bladder infection (cystitis) cases are caused by E. coli, a bacterium normally found in the intestines.
A urinary tract infection causes the lining of the urinary tract to become inflamed, which may produce some of the following symptoms:
- Pain in the abdomen, side or pelvic area.
- Pressure in the lower pelvis.
- Incontinence, urgent need to urinate and frequent need to urinate.
- Painful urination (dysuria) and blood in the urine.
- The need to urinate at night.
- Abnormal urine color such as cloudy urine and urine with a strong or foul-smell.
Other symptoms that may be associated with a UTI include:
- Pain during sex.
- Penis pain.
- Flank pain or lower back pain.
- Fever (temperature above 100 degrees Fahrenheit) and chills.
- Mental changes or confusion.
Can you go to urgent care for a urinary tract infection?
While it’s likely you trust your primary care physician to help determine the best course of treatment when ailments arise, demands for medical care can often make it difficult for you to get in to see you doctor, not to mention if you develop symptoms of a urinary tract infection at a time when your physician’s office is not open.
Urgent care centers, like Priority Urgent Care, routinely treat UTIs. It’s easy to get answers and relief from a healthcare professional at our urgent care clinic. At a Priority Urgent Care center, we’ll perform a urine test, also known as a urinalysis, to determine if you do indeed have a UTI. We review urine cultures and ensure we prescribe the best course and type of antibiotic treatment for you.
If you or someone you know has a UTI or suspect they do, come to Priority Urgent Care today! Our professional and caring staff can provide you with remedies to get back to good health! To talk with an expert, contact our office today. Visit us online or give us a call to schedule an appointment at our clinic.